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It is desirable that you should come (come) before the others.

It is necessary that he should go (go) there right now.

It is important that she should do (do) this job on time.

It is advisable that you stay at home tonight.

КОСВЕННЫЕ НАКЛОНЕНИЯ –

OBLIQUE MOODS

Если мы говорим о желательном, возможном, предполагаемом действии и употребляем частицу «бы» в русском языке, то в английском языке мы будем выражать подобные действия с помощью следующих конструкций.

The suppositional mood – предположительное наклонение.

Subject subordinate clause:

Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

Object subordinate clause:

He suggested that we should begin (begin) at once.

They insisted that we should stay (stay) for dinner.

I insist that you should try (try) this dish.

They order that we should call (call) them tomorrow at 9.00 a.m.

I think it necessary that you should go (go) there.

I find it advisable that you should call (call) him today.

I believe it better that he should do (do) it himself.

Do it at once lest she change her mind.

We should hurry up lest we should miss (miss) the train.

Call him, please, lest he should forget to come tonight.

It

is

was

will be

necessary

important

desirable

requested

demanded

advisable

arranged

ordered

that

smb. should do smth.

smb. do smth.

to suggest

to demand

to insist

to order

to arrange

to request

that

smb. should do smth.

smb. do smth.

Object subordinate clause:

to think

to believe

to consider

to find

It

necessary

important

advisable

desirable

better

that

smb. should do smth.

smb. do smth.

Subordinate clause of purpose:

to do smth.

lest

(чтобы не)

smb. should do smth.

smb. do smth.

Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

I’ll give you a bottle of water so that you may (can) drink while your jogging.

She gave me some money so that I might (could) buy some food.

He wakes her up every morning in order that she might not be late.

Should you see her, give her my regard. – Если вы случайно ее увидите, передайте ей привет.

If you should see her, give her my regard. – Если вы все же ее увидите, передайте ей привет.

If only I knew it for sure!

If only I had told her the truth!

Oh, that I were free today.

If only they had called us!

Subordinate clause of purpose:

Subordinate clause of real condition:

to do smth.

so that

that

in order that

smb.

may (can) do smth.

may (can) not do smth.

might (could) do smth.

might (could) not do smth.

Subjunctive II – Сослагательное наклонение

Желание, сожаление:

If only – ах, если бы

Oh, if

Oh, that – о, если бы

somebody

did smth.

had done smth.

Examples:

Examples:

I wish I knew him. – Жаль, что я его не знаю.

I wish I hadn’t come so early. – Жаль, что я пришла так рано.

I wish I had known him. – Жаль, что я его не знала.

I wish you would keep silent. – Хоть бы ты помолчал.

It is time I went.

It is high time they called.

It is time you took pills.

Wish – жаль, как жаль, хоть бы, как бы хотелось

somebody

did smth.

had done smth.

It is time – пора, пора бы

It is high time – давно пора

somebody

did smth.

Examples:

It’s not as if you knew him – Но ведь ты его не знаешь.

It’s not as if you had known him – Но ведь ты его не знал.

It won’t be as if you told him the truth – Ведь ты же не будешь рассказывать ему правду.

It is not as if – но ведь

somebody

did smth.

had done smth.

Examples:

She looks as if she knew something – Она выглядит так, будто знает что-то.

It will be as if nothing had happened – Все будет так, словно ничего не случилось.

He felt as if he were ill – Он выглядел так, словно он болен.

They will come to you as though they did nothing – Они придут к тебе, словно ничего не сделали.

look

be

grow

feel

become

as if

as through

somebody

did smth.

had done smth.

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